By Magnús Fjalldal
Medieval Icelandic authors wrote greatly as regards to England and the English. This new paintings by way of Magnús Fjalldal is the 1st to supply an outline of what Icelandic medieval texts need to say approximately Anglo-Saxon England in appreciate to its language, tradition, background, and geography.
Some of the texts Fjalldal examines contain relatives sagas, the shorter þættir, the histories of Norwegian and Danish kings, and the Icelandic lives of Anglo-Saxon saints. Fjalldal reveals that during reaction to a antagonistic Norwegian court docket and kings, Icelandic authors – from the early 13th century onwards (although they have been really poorly trained approximately England sooner than 1066) – created a principally imaginary kingdom the place pleasant, beneficiant, even though fairly useless kings dwelling below consistent risk welcomed the help of saga heroes to resolve their problems.
The England of Icelandic medieval texts is extra of a degree than a rustic, and mainly services to supply saga heroes with reputation out of the country. considering a lot of those texts are hardly tested outdoor of Iceland or within the English language, Fjalldal's e-book is critical for students of either medieval Norse tradition and Anglo-Saxon England.
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Additional resources for Anglo-Saxon England in Icelandic Medieval Texts
He then had it sliced as thinly as possible into strings and tied them together, the hairy parts and the smooth parts of the skin alternating. When this had been done, the string was so long that men marvelled at its length, as no one had thought that this might be done. Then Ívarr had the string spread out over a field, and its circumference was such that a great city might be established within its boundary. He then had marked on the ground the outlines of a great city wall. Then Ívarr employed a large number of carpenters and had a great number of houses built in that field.
Nobody came nearer him for they thought it rash to get at close quarters with someone who had desperately thrown aside all means of saving himself. One of the king’s followers hurled an iron spear at him from a distance. 33 There are occasional hints to suggest that perhaps the decline of Old English – and its transition into what we now recognize as Middle English – was a faster process than the standard histories of the English language would have us believe. The fact that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was being kept until the twelfth century may have led some scholars astray about the durability of Old English as an effective language of communication.
Lafr and Gyða then marry and settle down. The entry for 991 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle tells of a Viking attack on Ipswich, and of the death of Alderman Byrhtnoth at Maldon. This year also marks the beginning of the danegeld payments. After the Battle of Maldon, Æthelred negotiated a peace treaty with the Viking army, which included a certain Anlaf as one of its leaders. This Anlaf is commonly believed to have been Ólafr Tryggvason. The next time we hear of Anlaf in the Chronicle is in 994, when he and Sveinn Fork-beard (tjúguskegg) attack London with ninetyfour ships.
Anglo-Saxon England in Icelandic Medieval Texts by Magnús Fjalldal