By James M. Scott
These essays learn the new efforts of U.S. policymakers to recast the jobs, pursuits, and reasons of the USA either at domestic and out of the country in a political setting the place coverage making has develop into more and more decentralized and democratized. The participants recommend that international coverage management has shifted from White condominium and govt department dominance to an multiplied staff of actors that comes with the president, Congress, the international coverage forms, curiosity teams, the media, and the general public. the quantity contains case experiences that target China, Russia, Bosnia, Somalia, democracy advertising, international relief, and NAFTA. jointly, those chapters describe how coverage making after 1991 compares to that of different sessions and recommend how international coverage will strengthen within the future.
This assortment presents a huge, balanced evaluate of U.S. overseas coverage making within the post–Cold conflict atmosphere for students, academics, and scholars of U.S. international coverage, political technological know-how, background, and foreign studies.
Contributors. Ralph G. Carter, Richard Clark, A. Lane Crothers, I. M. Destler, Ole R. Holsti, Steven W. Hook, Christopher M. Jones, James M. McCormick, Jerel Rosati, Jeremy Rosner, John T. Rourke, Renee G. Scherlen, Peter J. Schraeder, James M. Scott, Jennifer Sterling-Folker, Rick Travis, Stephen Twing
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Extra resources for After the End: Making U.S. Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World
The 1950S and 1960S were perceived to be a time when communism directly threatened the security of the United States. During such times of perceived national emergency, the president could exert considerable powers as commander in chief, head of state, chief diplomat, and chief administrator, with Congress increasingly acquiescent to presidential initiatives. S. foreign policy. Congressional passage of the National Security Act of 1947 resulted in the rise of a large foreign policy bureaucracy.
F. E. Peacock, 1992); Richard M. Merelman, Making Something of Ourselves: On Culture and Politics in the United States (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984); John T. Rourke, Ralph G. Carter, and Mark A. Boyer, Making American Foreign Policy, 2nd ed. : Brown and Benchmark, 1996); and John Spanier and Steven W. Hook, American Foreign Policy since World War II, 13th ed. : Congressional Quarterly Press, 1995). Dumbrell, The Making of us. Foreign Policy, p. 6. Cecil V. Crabb, The Doctrines of American Foreign Policy: Their Meaning, Role, and Future (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982), p.
Foreign policy has tended to become increasingly "reactive"-as opposed to "proactive"-and, hence, incoherent and inconsistent over time. This is likely to continue into the twenty-first century, making it very difficult for the United States to exercise the kind of sustained global leadership that so many seem to hope for, or fear. 14 The collapse of the cold war gives a president great opportunities but also creates great risks. Unlike the I950S, presidents are no longer 36 Jerel Rosati and Stephen Twing driven to pursue only an anticommunist containment policy.
After the End: Making U.S. Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World by James M. Scott