By Gail Jarrow
Discusses medieval castles, why they have been outfitted, who outfitted them, how they have been built, how they have been used, their deterioration, and their fix and recovery.
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Extra resources for A Medieval Castle
In other castles, the entrance was placed between two stone towers, each two or three stories high. 8 meters), only room enough for a horse and cart to pass through. Defenders in the gatehouse controlled a wooden drawbridge across the moat. When enemies could not get near the the drawbridge was raised, castle entrance. A wooden gate strengthened with iron, called a portcullis, and down in the walls of the gatehouse. It moved up could be low- more quickly than the drawbridge could be raised. Some castles had more than one portcullis.
Built for Strength A castle was designed to withstand battering and back the enemy. Because of castle could 30 its many to drive protective feature-, be defended against an army of attackers. a Castles Under Siege Defenders inside a strong castle usually refused to sur- render to their enemy. But attackers had several ways to overcome ery, siege, These methods included trickand special weapons that could destroy the castle. this resistance. Trickery When attackers planned to use the castle themselves, they did not want to destroy trol through Instead, they tried to take con- Sometimes traitors inside the castle inside or opened the gates for them.
If the castle Bombarding the Walls Besides battering rams and siege towers, attackers used powerful throwing weapons to break into the castle. These weapons hurled rocks and boulders with enough force to weaken stone walls. One of the most powerful and accurate throwing weapons was the trebuchet. Working like a combination of seesaw and slingshot, it could hurl 300-pound (136 kilogram) boulders at high speeds for hundreds of yards (meters). Armies had special engineers to design trebuchets, siege towers, and battering rams.
A Medieval Castle by Gail Jarrow