By Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine
This significant revision of A Dictionary of Biology, together with over 1,500 new entries, is the main updated biology dictionary on hand. together with 4,000 transparent and concise entries, it covers all of the often encountered phrases and ideas in biology, biophysics, and biochemistry, in addition to phrases from medication and palaeontology taking into consideration the hot advances in those fields. Conforming to the options of the Institute of Biology, either in its definition of phrases and approach of type, this extraordinary dictionary bargains authoritative assurance of present parts of research akin to molecular biology, genetics (including genetic engineering), and biotechnology, and new parts corresponding to foodstuff know-how, geomicrobiology, and glycobiology. it's the excellent reference resource for an individual drawn to this dynamic box.
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Additional info for A dictionary of biology
Adrenal medulla The inner part of the *adrenal gland, in which *adrenaline is produced. adrenergic Describing a nerve fibre that either releases *adrenaline or Page 10 *noradrenaline when stimulated or is itself stimulated by these substances. Compare cholinergic. adrenocorticotrophic hormone See ACTH. adsorption The formation of a layer of solid, liquid, or gas on the surface of a solid or, less frequently, of a liquid. There are two types depending on the nature of the forces involved. In chemisorption a single layer of molecules, atoms, or lions is attached to the adsorbent surface by chemical bonds.
Increasing adaptation of a species to a particular environment tends to diminish its ability to adapt to any sudden change in that environment. 2. (in physiology) The alteration in the degree of sensitivity (either an increase or a decrease) of a sense organ to suit conditions more extreme than normally encountered. An example is the adjustment of the eye to vision in very bright or very dim light. adaptive radiation (divergent evolution) The evolution from one species of animals or plants of a number of different forms.
Adenine A *purine derivative. It is one of the major component bases of *nucleotides and the nucleic acids *DNA and *RNA. adenohypophysis See pituitary gland. adenosine A nucleoside comprising one adenine molecule linked to a D-ribose sugar molecule. The phosphate-ester derivatives of adenosine, AMP, ADP, and *ATP, are of fundamental biological importance as carriers of chemical energy. adenosine diphosphate (ADP) See ATP. adenosine monophosphate (AMP) See ATP. adenosine triphosphate See ATP. adenovirus One of a group of DNA-containing viruses found in rodents, fowl, cattle, monkeys, and man.
A dictionary of biology by Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine